Risks to food security due to rising temperatures and droughts
1.7 times more demand for food in 2050
Increase in global population and economic development in emerging nations is predicted to accelerate the increase in demand for food to 1.7 times that of 2011 in 2050. Meanwhile, temperature rise due to climate change will bring about changes in suitable land for crop cultivation, requiring changes in planting seasons and places. Extreme weather such as droughts and localized torrential rain will wield impacts on cultivation itself. Further, in livestock raising, there are concerns over the poor physical condition of livestock due to climate change. If global food shortages arise, countries such as Japan, with a food self-sufficiency rate of about 40%, and countries around the world under the poverty line will be the first to come face to face with this crisis.
The stable provision of food is an indispensable element in the security and health of a country's people. Due to the high possibility of a future crunch in global food supply and demand, there is a need to revise food production in response to climate change and to create schemes for efficient food production to withstand the increasing global population.
What ICT can do for the stable provision of food
ICT can be a great asset to the efficient production of food. First, by using simulations to predict in advance changes in suitable land for plant cultivation due to climate change, the crops cultivated can be reconsidered thereby lessening damages. Further, ICT can be utilized in greenhouse cultivation and plant factories that are unaffected by weather, to watch the state of growth of plants and carry out fertilizing and harvesting at optimal times. In addition, by sharing information on cultivation knowhow and states of growth in the cloud, anyone can cultivate plants with high efficiency. Likewise, ICT can contribute to efficient production in the raising of livestock and aquafarming. In addition, the use of ICT is also linked to reduced food loss and control of food waste.
What NEC can contribute to addressing food shortages
Support for agriculture
Due to the impacts of climate change on agriculture and global population increases, the role of agriculture will become increasingly important from the perspective of food security. NEC provides a cloud service for agricultural businesses that consolidates knowhow and technologies for improving agricultural productivity and selling capacity. With ICT solutions, we support agriculture, which will increasingly require strategic management, including responses to weather risks, environmental impacts of agrichemicals and fertilizers, and responses to food safety and security issues.
- High agricultural productivity
- Food safety and security
- Efficient and effective agriculture management
Supporting the reduction of food loss and food waste
While about 900 million people in the world are in a state of malnutrition, in Japan an annual 5 to 8 million tons of "food loss" is generated when food that could otherwise be eaten is discarded. Capitalizing on our experience in creating numerous solutions for the food industry from food manufacture to distribution and food services, NEC provides prime and total solutions utilizing ICT to respond to a variety of issues in the food industry, including food loss and food waste.
- Curbing of food loss
- Reduction of food waste