Loss of ecosystem services
Risk of loss of services provided by land and inland water ecosystems
Changes in the earth's vegetation distribution
While temperature rise will improve habitats in cold regions, concerns have arisen that temperature increase in already warm regions will bring about a variety of negative impacts. Many plants cannot keep up with the pace of climate change. It is predicted that in areas where native species cannot adapt, they will be replaced with non-native species resulting in degradation of the forest overall. The realm of agriculture will also require the type of plants planted to either be adjusted to climate change, or to be replaced with varieties resistant to high temperatures. Orchards in particular must make long-term plans and put measures in place.
Changes in vegetation also wield influence on wild animals that live in forests. In Japan, the habitat distribution of Japanese deer, Japanese monkeys and wild boar has expanded due to reduced snow accumulation and shortened snowfall periods arising from global warming, reputedly resulting in increased damage to agriculture crops.
What ICT can do for the preservation of land ecosystems
ICT has an important role to play in monitoring forests. Optical sensors can be utilized to determine tree species. If aerial sensing is carried out from high altitudes with aircraft or satellites, the state of vegetation distribution over large areas can be ascertained. Further, if tree trunk diameter is measured and changes monitored, we can ascertain how much CO2 was stabilized by tree growth. Secular changes must be monitored in order to examine the state of forest preservation. Utilization of ICT allows for easy and more detailed monitoring of conditions.
Further, expectations for ICT to respond to animal damage are also high. Initiatives utilizing ICT, such as prevention utilizing sensors for animal damage control in fields and orchards, are on the rise.
What NEC can contribute to addressing loss of ecosystem services
Monitoring of tree species and numbers in forests
In order to promote the preservation of forests which form the basis for ecosystem services, it is important to ascertain current conditions and examine secular changes. By utilizing ICT including various sensing technologies, satellite technologies and analysis technologies, NEC supports detailed forest monitoring on what plants are in what areas and in what quantities.
- Forest preservation
Support for coexistence of all life forms
Climate change will wield impacts on ecosystems. Likewise, the destruction of nature for the development of human societies also impacts ecosystems. The preservation of biodiversity is a globally-shared critical issue that must be addressed to realize sustainable societies. NEC utilizes ICT to support coexistence with other living things through animal damage and bird strike countermeasures.
- Curbing the occurrence of bird and animal damage